The attributes of God describe His identity. Theologians often group God’s attributes into two categories: incommunicable (attributes only belonging to God) and communicable (attributes belonging to both God and humanity).

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  • Independence (self-existence) – God has no need for anything in creation (Job 41:11; Ps. 50:10-12; Acts 17:24, 25).
  • Unchangeableness (immutability) – God does not change in His being, attributes, purposes, and promises (Ps. 102:25-27; Mal. 3:6; James 1:17).
  • Eternity – God has no beginning or end; He is non-temporal or timeless (Gen. 1:1; Ex. 3:14; 1 Cor. 2:7; Heb. 1:2).
  • Omnipresence – God is not limited with respect to spatial dimensions; He is present everywhere (1 Kings 8:27; Ps 139:7-10; Jer. 23:23, 24).
  • Unity (simplicity) – God is not divisible into parts (Ex. 34:6, 7; 1 John 1:5; 4:8).

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  • Spirituality – God exists as a nonmaterial being (Ex. 20:4-6; John 4:21-24). Humans share in this by having an immaterial aspect to their identity in which worship of God is possible (John 4:24; Phil. 3:3).
  • Knowledge (Omniscience) – God knows everything. He knows Himself. He knows both actualities and possibilities (Job 37:16 1 John 3:20).
  • Wisdom – God always determines the best outcomes and the best means to those outcomes (Job 9:4; Rom 16:27).
  • True – God is the true God; His word and knowledge are true and the standards of truth (Jer. 10:10, 11; John 17:3).
  • Faithful – God always has, always does, and always will fulfill the commitments and promises He makes (Num. 23:19; 2 Sam. 7:28).
  • Good – God is the standard of goodness; all that He does is approvable (Ps 106:1; Luke 18:19).
  • Love – God is eternally giving to others (John 3:35; 1 John 4:8, 10).
  • Holiness – God is completely separated from sin and continually seeks His own honor (Ps 71:22; Is. 1:4; 6:3; 1 Pet. 1:16).
  • Righteousness (Justice) – God acts in accordance with what is right. He determines the ultimate standards of right and wrong (Deut. 32:4; Is. 45:19; Rom. 3:25, 26).
  • Jealous – God seeks to protect His own glory (Ex. 34:14; Is 48:11)
  • Power (Omnipotent) – God is able to do anything that is consistent with His own essence and identity (Gen. 17:1; 2 Cor. 6:18).

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